Common Nails

common nails

The history of common nails dates back thousands of years when humans began using simple nails to join wood and other materials. The earliest nails were often made from wood, bone, or copper. In ancient Egypt around 3000 BCE, archaeologists discovered bronze nails used in the construction of wooden ships. Over time, iron replaced these materials as it provided stronger and more durable nails.

During the Middle Ages, iron nails became widely used, especially in construction and furniture making. Blacksmiths handcrafted iron nails by heating iron rods and hammering them into shape. During the Industrial Revolution, advancements in machinery made nail production more efficient and standardized. The introduction of machine-made nails in the late 19th century significantly increased production efficiency, making the shapes and sizes of nails more uniform.

Materials and Manufacturing Process of Common Nails


Common nails are usually made from low-carbon steel, which offers good toughness and hardness, allowing them to withstand significant impact and pressure. Depending on the application, nails can also be made from stainless steel, copper, or aluminum to meet different environmental and strength requirements.

Manufacturing Process

  1. Drawing: Thick steel rods are drawn through multiple dies to reduce their diameter to the required size.
  2. Cutting: The drawn steel wire is cut into specified lengths, forming nail blanks.
  3. Heading: One end of the nail blank is forged into the shape of a nail head. The head can be round, flat, or other shapes, depending on the nail's purpose.
  4. Pointing: The other end of the nail blank is sharpened to ensure the nail can easily penetrate materials.
  5. Heat Treatment: Nails undergo heating and cooling processes to harden them, enhancing their strength and wear resistance.
  6. Surface Treatment: To prevent rust, nails are usually galvanized, painted, or treated with other surface coatings.

Types and Uses of Common Nails


Common nails come in various types based on their shape, size, and application:

  1. Round Head Nails: Widely used in construction and furniture making.
  2. Flat Head Nails: Mainly used in woodworking and renovation projects.
  3. Corrugated Nails: Used for securing roofing tiles.
  4. Spiral Nails: Feature a threaded design for stronger grip, often used in harder woods.


Common nails are used across various industries:

  1. Construction: For framing, roofing, flooring, and wall panel installation.
  2. Furniture Making: To join and secure wood components.
  3. Renovation: For installing decorative materials like wall panels and baseboards.
  4. Woodworking: For making wooden products such as boxes, racks, and doors.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Common Nails


  1. Low Cost: Manufacturing common nails is inexpensive, making them suitable for large-scale use.
  2. Ease of Use: Simple to operate, even for laypeople.
  3. High Strength: Capable of withstanding considerable tensile and compressive forces.
  4. Wide Applicability: Used in construction, furniture making, renovation, and more.


  1. Corrosion Prone: Common steel nails are prone to rust in humid environments, affecting their lifespan.
  2. Loosening: Nails may loosen as wood dries or deforms under pressure, affecting the stability of the joint.
  3. Destructive: Nails can damage the materials they are driven into, especially during disassembly.

Modern Improvements in Common Nails

With technological advancements, the design and manufacturing of common nails have continually improved. For example, advanced alloy materials enhance the corrosion resistance and strength of nails. Various special nail shapes have been developed to meet different applications and environmental needs. Eco-friendly surface treatment technologies reduce environmental impact.

Moreover, the use of automation and smart manufacturing technologies has significantly improved production efficiency and quality. In the future, common nails will likely continue to evolve with new materials and technologies, meeting the increasingly diverse market demands.


Common nails, as simple yet crucial fasteners, have played a significant role in the development of human civilization. From ancient hand-forging to modern automated production, common nails have undergone a long evolution. Despite their unassuming appearance, they are indispensable in construction, furniture making, and renovation. With continuous technological advancements, common nails will remain essential in various industries, providing convenience and reliability in our daily lives.

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