Electric Hammers

Electric Hammers

An electric hammer is a common power tool used for drilling, hammering, and chiseling operations in construction, renovation, and metalworking fields. It utilizes power from an electric motor to drive drill bits or chisels, allowing for quick and efficient completion of various tasks. Designed structurally, electric hammers excel in handling materials such as concrete, bricks, stones, and metals.

Working Principle of Electric Hammers

The working principle of an electric hammer is based on the combination of rotation and impact force. When the electric motor starts, internal cams or compression mechanisms generate rotational force, simultaneously driving the drill bits or chisels to rotate and produce impact force. This combination of rotation and impact force enables the electric hammer to easily penetrate hard materials and accomplish drilling, hammering, or chiseling operations.

Types of Electric Hammers

Based on different applications and designs, electric hammers can be classified into several types, including:

  1. Rotary Hammer Drill: Primarily used for drilling operations, capable of both regular drilling and hammer drilling, suitable for materials like concrete, brick walls, and stones.
  2. Rotary Hammer: Mainly used for drilling, but without hammering function, suitable for softer materials such as wood and plastic.
  3. Demolition Hammer: Used for chiseling operations, swiftly removing surface materials of concrete, stones, and brick walls.
  4. Rotary/Hammer Convertible Electric Hammer: Electric hammer with both rotary and hammering functions, allowing switching between two modes as needed, flexibly adaptable to different tasks.

Primary Uses of Electric Hammers

Electric hammers, due to their efficiency, convenience, and versatility, find widespread applications in construction, renovation, and maintenance fields, primarily including but not limited to:

  • Drilling Operations: Used for drilling holes in concrete, brick walls, stones, and metals to install pipes, wires, and fasteners.
  • Hammering Operations: Employed for hammering operations on materials like concrete and brick walls, driving expansion bolts or installing anchors.
  • Chiseling Operations: Utilized for rapid removal of surface materials on concrete, demolition of walls or floors, among other tasks.

Safety Precautions for Using Electric Hammers

As electric hammers generate both rotational and impact forces during operation, safety precautions are essential. Some common safety precautions include:

  1. Wearing Protective Gear: Including safety goggles, earplugs, gloves, and dust masks to ensure operator safety and health.
  2. Checking Machine Status: Before use, inspect the power cord, plug, and switch of the electric hammer to ensure they are undamaged and properly connected.
  3. Proper Installation of Bits: Ensure drill bits or chisels are correctly installed on the electric hammer to prevent loosening or detachment.
  4. Stable Support: Maintain a stable posture during operation, ensuring stable support for both the electric hammer and the workpiece to avoid accidents.
  5. Proper Use: Select appropriate operation modes and bits according to work requirements, avoiding overload operation and misuse.

Maintenance and Care of Electric Hammers

Regular maintenance and care can prolong the service life of electric hammers and ensure their operational efficiency and performance. Some common maintenance and care methods include:

  1. Cleaning: After each use, clean the surface and ventilation ports of the electric hammer to prevent dust and debris buildup.
  2. Lubrication: Regularly apply lubricating oil to key components of the electric hammer to ensure smooth operation.
  3. Inspection: Regularly inspect the power cord and mechanical components of the electric hammer for wear or damage and replace them promptly.
  4. Storage: Store the electric hammer in a dry, ventilated place to prevent moisture and corrosion, extending the machine's service life.

Buying Guide for Electric Hammers

Choosing the right electric hammer requires consideration of several factors, including but not limited to:

  1. Power and Performance: Selecting an electric hammer with appropriate power and performance to meet work requirements.
  2. Brand Reputation: Choosing reputable brands with reliable quality and after-sales service to ensure product quality and service.
  3. Functional Configuration: Considering additional functions and accessories of the electric hammer, such as types and sizes of drill bits and chisels, as well as convenience and versatility.
  4. Price Budget: Selecting cost-effective electric hammers within the budget range, avoiding compromising product quality and performance due to price concerns.
  5. User Reviews: Referring to user reviews and feedback to understand the actual usage and performance of the product, helping make more informed purchasing decisions.


As an essential power tool, electric hammers play a crucial role in construction, renovation, and metalworking fields. Understanding their working principles, types, primary uses, safety precautions, maintenance, and purchasing considerations can help users select, use, and maintain electric hammers more effectively, improving work efficiency, ensuring operator safety, and prolonging equipment service life. Proper use and maintenance of electric hammers not only enhance work efficiency but also ensure operator safety and equipment's stable operation, providing reliable support for construction and fabrication tasks.

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