Electric Picks

An electric pick

An electric pick is a common power tool used for excavation, demolition, and loosening soil in civil engineering and agricultural operations. It is powered by an electric motor, which drives the pick head to rotate and hammer, thereby efficiently completing various excavation and demolition tasks. Designed to handle various types of soil and rock, electric picks are widely used in construction, road maintenance, and land cultivation fields.

Working Principle of Electric Picks

The working principle of an electric pick is based on the combination of rotation and impact. When the electric motor starts, internal cams or compression mechanisms generate rotational force, simultaneously driving the pick head to rotate and produce hammering force. This combination of rotation and hammering force allows the electric pick to easily penetrate soil and rock, completing excavation and demolition tasks.

Types of Electric Picks

Electric picks can be classified into several types based on different applications and designs, including:

  1. Excavation Electric Picks: Mainly used for digging soil and rock, such as for foundation pits, drainage ditches, and trenches.
  2. Demolition Electric Picks: Used for breaking hard soil and rock, such as for road repairs, pavement laying, and rock blasting.
  3. Loosening Electric Picks: Specifically used for loosening and plowing farmland, helping improve soil aeration and water retention.

Primary Uses of Electric Picks

Electric picks are primarily used for the following purposes:

  • Construction: Used for excavation of foundation pits, trenches, and drainage ditches in civil engineering projects.
  • Road Maintenance: Employed for road surface repairs, pavement laying, and roadbed reinforcement.
  • Land Cultivation: Utilized for soil loosening, plowing, and land preparation in agricultural activities.

Safety Precautions for Using Electric Picks

Due to the rotation and impact forces generated during operation, safety precautions are crucial when using electric picks. Some common safety precautions include:

  1. Wearing Protective Gear: Including helmets, safety goggles, earplugs, and protective gloves to ensure operator safety.
  2. Checking Machine Status: Before use, inspect the power cord, plug, and switch of the electric pick to ensure they are undamaged and properly connected.
  3. Stable Support: Maintain a stable posture during operation, ensuring stable support for both the electric pick and the workpiece to avoid accidents.
  4. Keep Distance from Rotating Components: Avoid placing fingers or other objects near the rotating pick head to prevent accidents.
  5. Proper Use: Select appropriate operation modes and pick heads according to work requirements, avoiding overload operation and misuse.

Maintenance and Care of Electric Picks

Regular maintenance and care can prolong the service life of electric picks and ensure their operational efficiency and performance. Some common maintenance and care methods include:

  1. Cleaning: After each use, clean the surface and ventilation ports of the electric pick to prevent dust and debris buildup.
  2. Lubrication: Regularly apply lubricating oil to key components of the electric pick to ensure smooth operation.
  3. Inspection: Regularly inspect the power cord and mechanical components of the electric pick for wear or damage and replace them promptly.
  4. Storage: Store the electric pick in a dry, ventilated place to prevent moisture and corrosion, extending the machine's service life.

Buying Guide for Electric Picks

Choosing the right electric pick requires consideration of several factors, including but not limited to:

  1. Power and Performance: Selecting an electric pick with appropriate power and performance to meet work requirements.
  2. Brand Reputation: Choosing reputable brands with reliable quality and after-sales service to ensure product quality and service.
  3. Functional Configuration: Considering additional functions and accessories of the electric pick, such as different types of pick heads, adjustable working modes, and shock absorbers, to meet different operating needs.
  4. Price Budget: Selecting cost-effective electric picks within the budget range, avoiding compromising product quality and performance due to price concerns.
  5. User Reviews: Referring to user reviews and feedback to understand the actual usage and performance of the product, helping make more informed purchasing decisions.


As an essential power tool, electric picks play a crucial role in construction, road maintenance, and land cultivation fields. Understanding their working principles, types, primary uses, safety precautions, maintenance, and purchasing considerations can help users select, use, and maintain electric picks more effectively, improving work efficiency, ensuring operator safety, and prolonging equipment service life. Proper use and maintenance of electric picks not only enhance work efficiency but also ensure operator safety and equipment's stable operation, providing reliable support for construction and agricultural activities.

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